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Infection Prevention

An opt-out approach to hepatitis C virus testing in English prisons: the literature underpinning the policy

‘PHE is advocating the development of an “opt out” testing programme in prisons, whereby prisoners are offered the chance to test for infection near reception and at several time points thereafter...

Investigating the incidence and type of sharps injuries within the nursing student population in the UK

The reported incidence of sharps injuries involving nursing students worldwide is wide ranging. A study by Cheung et al (2012) reported an incidence rate of 5.9% (n=52), while Trivedi et al (2013)...

The experience and psychological impact of a sharps injury on a nursing student population in the UK

The aims of this study were to explore the experience and psychological impact of sustaining a sharps injury within a nursing student population in the UK..

Sepsis knowledge, skills and attitudes among ward-based nurses

The aim of this study was to explore the effects of sepsis training on knowledge, skills and attitudes among ward-based nurses in one hospital in relation to sepsis screening and the delivery of the...

The role of single-use ECG leads in reducing healthcare-associated infections

In the clinical setting, monitoring a patient's ECG rhythm requires a minimum of three electrodes (Figure 1), which are connected to colour-coded leads to aid identification, and these are usually...

Treating post-renal transplant surgical site infection with combination therapy: a case study

A 61-year-old Azerbaijani woman was admitted to Imam Khomeini hospital in Urmia, in north west Iran. She had a kidney transplant on 5 October 2018. The patient had a history of end-stage renal disease...

Midline venous catheters as an alternative to central line catheter placement: a product evaluation

A midline venous catheter is a peripheral device defined by the position of its tip, which is just distal to the axillary fold (Gorski et al, 2021). The position of its tip promotes increased...

Use of dry dressings for central venous access devices (CVADs) to decrease central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) in a trauma intensive care unit (ICU)

In March 2017, a short education session, lasting approximately 15 minutes, was given to ICU nurses. This in-service reiterated interventions that were already known by the nurses such as proper...

Biofilm and catheter-related bloodstream infections

Biofilm can explain the clinical findings most often seen with CRBSIs, yet biofilm is poorly understood within medicine. In the early 1980s, the name biofilm was given to observations of bacteria...

Recognition and management of neonatal sepsis

Neonatal infections are divided into early-onset sepsis (EOS) occurring within the first 48 hours of birth, and late-onset sepsis (LOS) occurring between 2 and 28 days after birth (Cailes et al,...

The management of urinary tract infections in older patients within an urgent care out-of-hours setting

UTI is defined as an infection of the urinary system, involving lower tract, upper tract or both (NICE, 2020a). The pathogens responsible for UTI include Escherichia coli (E. coli), which accounts for...

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