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Intermediate life support for the adult

Up to 80% of patients suffering cardiac arrest display evidence of deterioration in the hours before arrest; once a cardiac arrest occurs, even in the hospital environment, fewer than 20% of patients...

Working within a spiritual framework

Although spirituality and religion are closely linked, they are not the same. Spirituality can be viewed and understood as:.

Carrying out a holistic assessment of a patient with constipation

There is no pathological cause for primary constipation (Royal College of Nursing (RCN), 2012; Dougherty and Lister, 2015). Factors that lead to the development of primary constipation are extrinsic...

Public health: PART 4 Behaviour change tools

This intervention uses the three As: ask, advice, assist (NICE, 2014). ‘Ask’ refers to asking if the patient is aware of or recognises a health issue. This can include, for example, asking a patient...

Administering an enema: indications, types, equipment and procedure

Indications for the use of enemas include to:.

Care for patients who have undergone one anastomosis gastric bypass surgery

The International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders has now concluded that the official identifier of this procedure should be ‘one anastomosis gastric bypass’ (De Luca et...

How to take manual blood pressure

A BP measurement in its simplest form is a determinant of individual cardiac output (the volume of blood pumped out of the heart and into the aorta per minute) and the systematic vascular resistance...

Public health: PART 3 Behaviour change

‘Anything a person does in response to internal or external events. Actions may be overt (motor or verbal) and directly measurable, or covert (activities not viewable but involving voluntary...

Catheter-associated urinary tract infection: signs, diagnosis, prevention

Common signs and symptoms of CAUTI include urinary frequency, urgency, dysuria, pelvic/lower abdominal pain, pyrexia and tachycardia. In elderly people symptoms may be more complicated to detect as...

Public health: PART 2 Brief interventions

‘Verbal advice, discussion, negotiation or encouragement, with or without written or other support or follow-up. It can vary from basic advice to a more extended, individually focused...

How to apply and remove medical gloves

Before selecting which gloves are required, it is important to consider what the task or skill being undertaken entails, and whom the gloves are protecting. Non-sterile gloves should be worn when...

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