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Assessment

Renal and ureteric stones: a clinical review

Stones form in the presence of increased urinary supersaturation, which occurs when the urine solvent contains more solutes than it can hold in solution (Khan et al, 2016). Supersaturation results in...

Skin assessment in adults

Early recognition of people who are at risk of developing skin breakdown is an essential part of prevention. Assessment of the skin should be part of a holistic approach and carried out regularly in...

Observed structured clinical examination as a means of assessing clinical skills competencies of ANPs

OSCEs were primarily introduced in medical education as a means of assessing the skills and ability of surgical students, rather than a test of factual knowledge (Cuschieri et al, 1979). The use of...

The global elements of vital signs' assessment: a guide for clinical practice

Changes in respiratory function are increasingly recognised as the most sensitive indicator of clinical deterioration (Cahill et al, 2011). Respiratory rate is an early and extremely good indicator of...

The influence of anaemia on pressure ulcer healing in elderly patients

Anaemia is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO)(2011) as a blood disorder in which haemoglobin levels are below 120 g/litre in females and 130 g/litre in males. This is a condition...

Wound assessment and dressing selection: an overview

Characteristics of the different phases of wound healing are visible in open wounds and those healing by secondary intention, but are less so in closed wounds. Inflammation begins with initial first...

Decreased level of consciousness in a child: recognition and management

Consciousness can refer to either the state of wakefulness, awareness, or alertness in which most humans function while not asleep. Decreased consciousness is considered to be present when there is a...

The role of the registered nurse in supporting frailty in care homes

‘Any interaction between an older person and a health or social care professional should include an assessment which helps to identify if the individual has frailty.’.

The importance of respiratory rate monitoring

The body requires oxygen as an important part of its energy provision process. The respiratory system provides the body with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide as a waste product. This is the process...

Managerial competencies of head nurses: a model and assessment tool

This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in 2017 in six main phases. First a literature review was carried out using the scientific databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus,...

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