How to take manual blood pressure
This article focuses on non-invasive blood pressure (BP) measurement, using the manual technique. This vital observation is practised by all nursing fields in primary and secondary healthcare environments.
A BP measurement in its simplest form is a determinant of individual cardiac output (the volume of blood pumped out of the heart and into the aorta per minute) and the systematic vascular resistance (the diameter of the arterial blood vessels) (Foley, 2015).
BP measurement is widely recognised as being a routine observation that can be used as a way to assess cardiac output and its effectiveness for adequate tissue perfusion (Odell, 2013). Thus, the presence of a BP is a requirement for human existence and BP measurement, which includes interpreting results and taking appropriate action, is considered a key clinical skill to acquire and maintain as results can determine patient care (Doughty and Lister, 2015).
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