Neighbourhood nursing: a focus for care. Report of the Review of Community Nursing chaired by J Cumberlege.London: HMSO;

Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety. Advanced nursing practice framework. 2016. (accessed 13 February 2023)

Gloster A, Leigh J. The knowledge and skills required of advanced level practitioners for accreditation and safe practice. Br J Nurs. 2021; 30:(3)168-171

Health Education England. Multi-professional framework for advanced clinical practice in England. 2017. (accessed 13 February 2023)

International Council of Nurses. Guidelines on advanced practice nursing. 2020. (accessed 14 February 2023)

Leary A, MacLaine K, Trevatt P, Radford M, Punshon G. Variation in job titles within the nursing workforce. J Clin Nurs. 2017; 26:(23-24)4945-4950

National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare. Framework for Advanced Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professional Practice in Wales. 2010. (accessed 13 February 2023)

NHS Education for Scotland. Advanced practice toolkit. 2018. (accessed 13 February 2023)

Phillips SJ. 30th Annual APRN legislative update: Improving access to healthcare one state at a time. Nurse Pract. 2018; 43:(1)27-54

Rogers M, Gloster A. Advanced practice nursing in the UK. In: Hassmiller S, Pulcini J (eds). : Springer; 2020

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Developing a pre-course workbook for advanced practice students in the UK

23 February 2023
Volume 32 · Issue 4

Nurse practitioner (NP) roles first emerged in the USA in the 1960s. Nurses practising in these roles were educated to master's level and taught to provide an advanced level of patient care (Phillips, 2018). In the 1980s these roles were imported into the UK – Barbara Stillwell is credited with introducing NP roles to the UK and supporting the development of initial accredited post-registration undergraduate NP programmes (Rogers and Gloster, 2020). The 1986 Cumberlege report (Department of Health and Social Security, 1986) promoted expansion of NP roles in primary care and with ensuing support from Government, it was in the 1990s that NPs became more evident in the UK. However, as there is no regulatory body or Government-led initiative to protect the title, local variances have proliferated (Rogers and Gloster, 2020; Gloster and Leigh, 2021).

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