Written evidence submitted by Professor Philip Hubbard to House of Commons Home Affairs Committee. 2016. (accessed 2 September 2020)

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. UNAIDS guidance note on HIV and sex work. 2012. (accessed 2 September 2020)

Nursing and Midwifery Council. The code. 2018. (accessed 2 September 2020)

Raine G. Violence against male sex workers: a systematic scoping review of quantitative data. J Homosex. 2019; 1-22

Care for men who sell sex

10 September 2020
Volume 29 · Issue 16

Although the number of male sex workers is thought to be smaller than that of females, men are involved in sex work in the same way as women, selling services globally. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (2012) considered sex work to involve the receipt of money or goods in exchange for any sexual service.

Hubbard (2016), an international expert on the regulation of the sex industry, suggested that the extent of male sex work is considerably miscalculated. The absence of male sex workers from debates and narratives about the industry potentially erases the experiences of many men, according to Raine (2019). Raine's (2019) systematic scoping review of quantitative data aimed to identify the prevalence of violence against male sex workers worldwide. He revealed that some male sex workers, particularly those in non-Western countries, experience high levels of violence. The majority of studies reported data on sexual violence, with the most common type being that of ‘verbal or emotional abuse or threats’.

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