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Diagnosis and management of a urinary tract infection

24 January 2019
Volume 28 · Issue 2

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial invasion of the urinary tract. They are among the commonest bacterial infections managed in general practice, and are the reason for 1–3% of all GP consultations (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), 2015).

The urinary tract is constantly exposed to bacteria from the exterior environment, particularly because of the anatomical placement of the urethra in the vicinity of the rectum in females (Okragla et al, 2014). In the USA, for example, a UTI is a common medical condition that accounts for 7 to 8 million clinic visits by women per year (Robinson et al, 2015). Recent studies have shown that women are more frequently affected with a UTI than men, often requiring antibiotic treatment (Babar et al, 2018).

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