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Indonesian nursing students' intention to accept COVID-19 vaccines: an online, multicentre survey

12 May 2022
Volume 31 · Issue 9



The determinants of intention to accept the COVID-19 vaccine and associated factors among nursing students during this pandemic need to be identified.


The study assessed nursing students' attitudes to vaccination, health engagement and trust in government, as well as their intention to have a COVID-19 vaccination.


A cross-sectional study was carried out among nursing students in three provinces of Java, Indonesia, from December 2020 to February 2021. Convenience sampling was used to gather primary data from 640 participants through a structured online survey. Multiple linear regression was used to analyse the results.


All items of vaccine attitude and health engagement as well as trust in government were positive predictors of vaccine acceptance after adjusting for confounding factors.


Nursing students were more likely to accept vaccination if they had a positive attitude to vaccination, high levels of health engagement and trust in the government regarding tackling the COVID-19 pandemic.

Vaccination is a major public health strategy, which has prevented the spread of diseases (Hu et al, 2020), particularly infectious COVID-19. It has significantly reduced mortality in Indonesia (Suwantika et al, 2020) as well as across the globe (Sallam et al, 2021).

Vaccine hesitancy, characterised by a delay in accepting or refusing vaccination despite it being available, has divided vaccine proponents and anti-vaccine advocates (Izzati et al, 2020; Kwok et al, 2021). As of 18 May 2021, a total of 23 262 139 vaccine COVID-19 doses have been administered worldwide; health professionals, security staff, educators and frontline humanitarian workers were a priority for receiving vaccinations in Indonesia (World Health Organization, 2022).

Nursing students were not included in the first phase of the Indonesian government's priority target vaccine but were included in the second phase, along with certain students. Nursing students can encourage other students to be vaccinated (Jiang et al, 2021), which could optimise COVID-19 vaccination among the student population.

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