Benefit finding: understanding the impact and public health factors among COVID-19 patients in China
This study aimed to determine the level of benefit finding among COVID-19 patients in a hospital in mainland China, and to identify its associated impact and public health factors.
Using a cross-sectional design, a total of 288 COVID-19 patients were recruited in Huoshenshan Hospital in Wuhan, China to complete a survey on benefit finding. The level of benefit finding evaluated by the Benefit Finding Scale (BFS), mental resilience evaluated by the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), social support evaluated by the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), medical coping modes evaluated by the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire (MCMQ), and general information was collected by self-designed questionnaires. T-test and chi-square test were used for single-factor analyses. For multiple factor analyses, multivariate regression analyses were performed.
The mean BFS score of 288 participants was 61.26±10.25. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the factors associated with the level of benefit finding among COVID-19 patients in China included education level, having experienced major event, social support, optimism, confrontive coping and resigned coping mode.
In general, the patients with COVID-19 in this study had a middle level of benefit finding. Health professionals should take measures to identify the influencing factors on the quality of the life and take targeted intervention measures.
The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV, later named SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia was first detected and confirmed in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. This became a global pandemic over the following months (Phan et al, 2020). On 30 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern’ (WHO, 2020). The Chinese health authorities implemented prompt public health measures including intensive surveillance, epidemiological investigations, and deployment of national medical forces (Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). In China, up to 10 March 2020, there was a total of 80 778 confirmed cases, some of which developed into severe or critical disease. Fortunately, the spread of the epidemic within China has been minimal since March 2020. The epidemic outbreak has caused patients with COVID-19 to suffer physical pain and psychological pressure. In addition, there is an increased awareness of patients with negative feelings such as anxiety, depression, and social isolation with some developing mental illness (Lima et al, 2020).
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