Andrews E, Berghofer K, Long J, Prescott A, Caboral-Stevens M. Satisfaction with the use of telehealth during COVID-19: an integrative review. Int J Nurs Stud Adv.. 2020; 2

Barsom EZ, Graafland M, Schijven MP. Systematic review on the effectiveness of augmented reality applications in medical training. Surg Endosc.. 2016; 30:(10)4174-4183

Betriana F, Tanioka R, Gunawan J, Locsin RC. Healthcare robots and human generations: Consequences for nursing and healthcare. Collegian. 2022; 29:(5)767-773

Billingsley L. Using video conferencing applications to share the death experience during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Radiol Nurs. 2020; 39:(4)275-277

Bloom BM, Pott J, Thomas S, Gaunt DR, Hughes TC. Usability of electronic health record systems in UK EDs. Emerg Med J.. 2021; 38:(6)410-415

Bohr A, Memarzadeh K. The rise of artificial intelligence in healthcare applications. Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare. 2020; 25-60

Britnell M. Human. Solving the global workforce crisis in healthcare.Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2019

Davies J, Pucher PH, Ibrahim H, Stubbs B. Impact of the introduction of electronic prescribing on staff perceptions of patient safety and organizational culture. J Surg Res.. 2017; 212:222-228

Dick JJ, Nundy S, Solomon MC, Bishop KN, Chin MH, Peek ME. Feasibility and usability of a text message-based program for diabetes self-management in an urban African-American population. J Diabetes Sci Technol.. 2011; 5:(5)1246-1254

Eckert M, Volmerg JS, Friedrich CM. Augmented reality in medicine: systematic and bibliographic review. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2019; 7:(4)

Eysenbach G. What is e-health?. J Med Internet Res.. 2001; 3:(2)

Freeman K, Dinnes J, Chuchu N Algorithm based smartphone apps to assess risk of skin cancer in adults: systematic review of diagnostic accuracy studies. BMJ. 2020; 368

Elective care in England. Assessing the impact of COVID-19 in 2020 and where next. 2020. (accessed 19 April 2023)

Gates PJ, Hardie RA, Raban MZ, Li L, Westbrook JI. How effective are electronic medication systems in reducing medication error rates and associated harm among hospital inpatients? A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Med Inform Assoc.. 2021; 28:(1)167-176

Gelmini AYP, Duarte ML, Assis AM, Guimarães Junior JB, Carnevale FC. Virtual reality in interventional radiology education: a systematic review. Radiol Bras. 2021; 54:(4)254-260

Gilbert AW, Billany JCT, Adam R Rapid implementation of virtual clinics due to COVID-19: report and early evaluation of a quality improvement initiative. BMJ Open Qual.. 2020; 9:(2)

Guest JF, Fuller GW, Vowden P. Cohort study evaluating the burden of wounds to the UK's National Health Service in 2017/2018: update from 2012/2013. BMJ Open. 2020; 10:(12)

Health Innovation Manchester. Greater Manchester care record. 2023. (accessed 19 April 2023)

House of Commons Health and Social Care Committee. Evaluation of government commitments made on the digitisation of the NHS: fourth special report of session 2022–23. 2023. (accessed 19 April 2023)

The impact of Covid-19 on the use of digital technology in the NHS. 2020. (accessed 19 April 2023)

Jacob PD. Management of patient healthcare information: healthcare-related information flow, access, and availability (chapter 3). Fundamentals of telemedicine and telehealth. 2020; 35-57

Kidd L, Cayless S, Johnston B, Wengstrom Y. Telehealth in palliative care in the UK: a review of the evidence. J Telemed Telecare. 2010; 16:(7)394-402

Kruse CS, Krowski N, Rodriguez B, Tran L, Vela J, Brooks M. Telehealth and patient satisfaction: a systematic review and narrative analysis. BMJ Open. 2017; 7:(8)

Kruse CS, Stein A, Thomas H, Kaur H. The use of electronic health records to support population health: a systematic review of the literature. J Med Syst.. 2018; 42:(11)

Lee L, Williams R, Sheikh A. What does ePrescribing mean for patients? A case study of the perspectives of hospital renal patients. J Innov Health Inform. 2015; 22:(4)391-398

Lucivero F, Jongsma KR. A mobile revolution for healthcare? Setting the agenda for bioethics. J Med Ethics. 2018; 44:(10)685-689

Marcolino MS, Oliveira JAQ, D'Agostino M, Ribeiro AL, Alkmim MBM, Novillo-Ortiz D. The impact of mhealth interventions: systematic review of systematic reviews. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018; 6:(1)

Mohsin-Shaikh S, Garfield S, Franklin BD. Patient involvement in medication safety in hospital: an exploratory study. Int J Clin Pharm. 2014; 36:(3)657-666

Monaghesh E, Hajizadeh A. The role of telehealth during COVID-19 outbreak: a systematic review based on current evidence. BMC Public Health. 2020; 20:(1)

Murphy M, Scott LJ, Salisbury C Implementation of remote consulting in UK primary care following the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-methods longitudinal study. Br J Gen Pract. 2021; 71:(704)e166-e177

Nazeha N, Pavagadhi D, Kyaw BM, Car J, Jimenez G, Tudor Car L. A Digitally Competent Health Workforce: Scoping Review of Educational Frameworks. J Med Internet Res.. 2020; 22:(11)

Coronavirus pandemic prompts a surge in the number of people using NHS tech in 2020. 2020. (accessed 19 April 2023)

Why digital inclusion matters to health and social care. 2021. (accessed 19 April 2023)

Pottle J. Virtual reality and the transformation of medical education. Future Healthc J.. 2019; 6:(3)181-185

Robert N. How artificial intelligence is changing nursing. Nurs Manage. 2019; 50:(9)30-39

Ronquillo CE, Peltonen LM, Pruinelli L Artificial intelligence in nursing: priorities and opportunities from an international invitational think-tank of the Nursing and Artificial Intelligence Leadership Collaborative. J Adv Nurs. 2021; 77:(9)3707-3717

Microsoft sees 800% increase for cloud services. 2020. (accessed 19 April 2023)

Seshadri DR, Davies EV, Harlow ER. Wearable sensors for COVID-19: a call to action to harness our digital infrastructure for remote patient monitoring and virtual assessments. Frontiers in Digital Health. 2020; 2

Shamloul N, Ghias MH, Khachemoune A. The utility of smartphone applications and technology in wound healing. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2019; 18:(3)228-235

Shetty AS, Chamukuttan S, Nanditha A, Raj RK, Ramachandran A. Reinforcement of adherence to prescription recommendations in Asian Indian diabetes patients using short message service (SMS)--a pilot study. J Assoc Physicians India. 2011; 59:711-714

Slight SP, Tolley CL, Bates DW Medication errors and adverse drug events in a UK hospital during the optimisation of electronic prescriptions: a prospective observational study. Lancet Digit Health. 2019; 1:(8)e403-e412

Snoswell A, Snoswell C. Immersive virtual reality in health care: systematic review of technology and disease states. JMIR Biomedical Engineering. 2019; 4:(1)

Umpierrez GE, Klonoff DC. Diabetes technology update: use of insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring in the hospital. Diabetes Care. 2018; 41:(8)1579-1589

Woon APN, Mok WQ, Chieng YJS Effectiveness of virtual reality training in improving knowledge among nursing students: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. Nurse Educ Today. 2021; 98

World Health Organization. Global strategy on digital health 2020-2025. 2021. (accessed 19 April 2023)

Wüller H, Behrens J, Garthaus M, Marquard S, Remmers H. A scoping review of augmented reality in nursing. BMC Nurs. 2019; 18:(1)

Zoppo G, Marrone F, Pittarello M AI technology for remote clinical assessment and monitoring. J Wound Care. 2020; 29:(12)692-706

The digital future of nursing: making sense of taxonomies and key concepts

11 May 2023
Volume 32 · Issue 9


Digital technology is becoming increasingly common in routine nursing practice. The adoption of digital technologies such as video calling, and other digital communication, has been hastened by the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Use of these technologies has the potential to revolutionise nursing practice, leading to potentially more accurate patient assessment, monitoring processes and improved safety in clinical areas. This article outlines key concepts related to the digitalisation of health care and the implications for nursing practice. The aim of this article is to encourage nurses to consider the implications, opportunities and challenges associated with the move towards digitalisation and advances in technology. Specifically, this means understanding key digital developments and innovations associated with healthcare provision and appreciating the implications of digitalisation for the future of nursing practice.

The challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted nursing practice. One major impact has been the change from face-to-face consultations to an increasing number of virtual appointments (Murphy et al, 2021). In addition, in England, it is estimated that the NHS needs to see an additional 500 000 patients a year for the next 4 years to clear the backlog of patients and meet its 18-week standard for attendance of newly referred patients (Gardner et al, 2020). There has been an unprecedented shift towards the use of technology to provide care and information, for example, primary care services frequently offer virtual appointments and remote consultations via telephone, video calls and text messages and e-prescription services (Hutchings, 2020). During the COVID-19 pandemic it was estimated that up to 46% of nurse consultations were delivered remotely, based on data from April 2020 (Murphy et al, 2021).

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting British Journal of Nursing and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for nurses. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to clinical or professional articles

  • Unlimited access to the latest news, blogs and video content