Gender-based violence is deeply rooted in gender inequality and continues to be one of the most significant human rights violations that occurs within all societies (European Institute for Gender Equality, 2019). The Home Office (2012) noted that abuse can encompass, but is not limited to: ‘Psychological, physical, sexual, financial [or] emotional’. Women and men can experience gender-based violence, however, the majority of victims are women and girls (European Institute for Gender Equality, 2019).
Over a decade ago Bloom (2008) used the term ‘gender-based violence’ in reference to violence that occurs as a result of the normative role expectations associated with each gender, as well as the unequal power relationships between the two genders. Bloom (2008) added that men and boys can also be victims of gender-based violence. Men can experience gender-based violence from their intimate partners or other family members.
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