Assessing knowledge of nosocomial infection among Omani student nurses: a cross-sectional study
The total cost and negative health associated with nosocomial infection are high and early interventions are required. Assessing students' knowledge about nosocomial infection may contribute to solving this issue.
The present study aimed to assess the level of knowledge of nosocomial infection among student nurses and to identify their main sources of information on the topic.
A total of 330 student nurses at Sultan Qaboos University completed the online survey, which included participants' demographics and the Infection Control Standardized Questionnaire (ICSQ).
The results of the study reveal the average total corrected score of the participants was 51.53 (SD=0.89) out of 100, with a minimum score of 16 and a maximum score of 96. Female students had a higher average score (13.9, SD=4.34) than male students (11.6, SD=3.2); t(328)=5.35.
The student nurses did not have a sufficient level of knowledge about nosocomial infection. This calls for a review of nursing curricula to pave the way for more pragmatic teaching of infection control.
For every 100 patients admitted to hospital, at least seven will be diagnosed with a nosocomial infection, and the rate is 2-3 times higher in developing countries (World Health Organization (WHO), 2011). The total yearly cost associated with nosocomial infection is estimated to be €7 billion in Europe and $6.5 billion in the USA (WHO, 2011). Although bacteria and viruses come in different shapes and types, they spread and propagate through a similar set of conditions, known as the chain of infection. Infection is a result of the interaction between agent, host and environment. Transmission happens when an agent leaves its reservoir or host by a portal of exit, is transported by some route of transmission, and infects a susceptible host through an appropriate portal of entry. Healthcare providers are required to break the chain of infection (Schrank and Branch-Elliman, 2017).
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